Il cortegiano; or, The courtier written by the learned Conte Baldassar Castiglione, and a new version Main Author: Castiglione, Baldassarre, conte, The courtier (Il cortegiano) by Baldassare Castiglione: tr. by Thomas Hoby. Main Author: Castiglione, Baldassarre, conte, Related Names: Hoby. Baldassare Castiglione by Raphael () The Louvre. Il Cortegiano by Baldassare Castiglione () was published in Venice (Aldine) in after.
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The Book of the Courtier Italian: Courtesy literature can be traced back to 13th century German and Italian writers.
An English edition was published in The Book of the Courtier addresses the constitution of a perfect courtierand in its last installment, a perfect lady. Cortegiqno takes the form of a Renaissance balassarre, a literary form that incorporated elements of drama, conversation, philosophy, and essay. Considered the definitive account of Renaissance court lifeit is cited frequently, along with Stefano Castiylione ‘s The civil conversation of and Giovanni Della Casa ‘s Galateo ofas an important resource on court life during the Italian Renaissance.
The book is organized as a series of fictional conversations that occur between the courtiers of the Duke of Urbino in when Castiglione was in fact part of the Duke’s Court. In the book, the courtier is described as having a cool mind, a good voice with beautiful, elegant and brave words along with proper bearing and gestures.
Baldassare Castiglione | Italian author |
At the same time though, the courtier is expected to have a warrior spirit, to be bqldassarre, and have good knowledge of the humanities, Classics and fine arts. Over the course of four evenings, members of the court try to describe the perfect gentleman of the court.
In the process they debate the nature of nobility, humor, women, and love.
The Book of the Courtier was one of the most widely distributed books of the 16th century, with editions printed in six languages and in twenty European centers. Castiglione’s characters opine about how their courtier can impress his audience and win its approval.
Baldassare Castiglione, Il Cortegiano 1528
Similar to the Classical Roman rhetoricians Cicero and QuintilianCastiglione stresses the importance of delivery while speaking. According to the Count, sprezzatura is amongst one of the most important, if not the most important, rhetorical device the courtier needs.
In Book I, he states, “Accordingly we may affirm that to be true art which does not appear to be art; nor to anything must we give greater care than to conceal art, for if it is discovered, it quite destroys our credit and brings us into small esteem. This castiglipne more natural appearance, even though it is not natural by any means, is more advantageous to the courtier.
The Count contends that if the courtier wants to attain grazia and be esteemed excellent, it would be in his best interest to have this appearance of nonchalance.
The Book of the Courtier – Wikipedia
By failing to employ sprezzaturahe destroys his opportunity for grace. By applying sprezzatura to his speech and everything else he does, the courtier appears to have grazia and impresses his audience, thereby achieving excellence and perfection. Another feature of rhetoric which Castiglione discusses is the role of written language and style.
Castiglione declined to imitate Boccaccio and write in Tuscan Italian, as was customary at the time; instead he wrote in the Italian used in his native Lombardy he was born near Mantua: Here, the use of the old and outdated Tuscan language is seen as a form of excess rather than a desirable trait.
Castiglione states that had he followed Tuscan usage in his book, his description of sprezzatura would appear hypocritical, in that his effort would be seen as lacking in nonchalance Courtier Federico responds to the Count’s assessment of the use of spoken language by posing the question as to what is the best language in which to write rhetoric.
With the role of language set, Castiglione begins to describe the style and authority in which the courtier must write in order to become successful.
The Count explains, “it is right that greater pains would be taken to make what is written more polished and correct…they should be chosen from the most beautiful of those employed in speech” Courtier This is where the style of which the courtier writes encourages the persuasiveness or successfulness of a speech.
The success of a castiglionf speech, in contrast to the spoken speech, hinges on the notion that “we are willing to tolerate a great deal of improper and even careless usage”  in oral rhetoric than written rhetoric. The Count explains that along with proper word usage, an ideal courtier must have a proper baldasssarre of style and flow to their words. This form of emphasis on language is noted by Graham as; “Although the Count is aware that more traditional aspects of the orator appearance, gestures, voice, etc.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This castiiglione may lend undue weight to certain ideas, incidents, or controversies.
Please help to create a more balanced presentation.
Discuss and resolve this issue before removing this message. Penn State University Press. A Survey of the Humanities.
The Book of the Courtier. The Fortunes of the Courtier. The Pennsylvania State University Press.
Composing ourselves in Style: Journal of Aesthetic Education. University of Illinois Press. The Aesthetics of Literacty in The Courtier.